# naginterfaces.library.tsa.uni_​garch_​asym2_​estim¶

naginterfaces.library.tsa.uni_garch_asym2_estim(dist, yt, x, ip, iq, mn, theta, pht, copts, maxit, tol, io_manager=None)[source]

uni_garch_asym2_estim estimates the parameters of a univariate regression-type II process.

For full information please refer to the NAG Library document for g13fc

https://www.nag.com/numeric/nl/nagdoc_29/flhtml/g13/g13fcf.html

Parameters
diststr, length 1

The type of distribution to use for .

A Normal distribution is used.

A Student’s -distribution is used.

ytfloat, array-like, shape

The sequence of observations, , for .

xfloat, array-like, shape

Row of must contain the time dependent exogenous vector , where , for .

ipint

The number of coefficients, , for .

iqint

The number of coefficients, , for .

mnint

If , the mean term will be included in the model.

thetafloat, array-like, shape

The initial parameter estimates for the vector .

The first element must contain the coefficient and the next elements must contain the coefficients , for .

The next elements must contain the coefficients , for .

The next element must contain the asymmetry parameter .

If , the next element must contain , the number of degrees of freedom of the Student’s -distribution.

If , the next element contains the mean term .

If , the remaining elements are taken as initial estimates of the linear regression coefficients , for .

phtfloat

If , is the value to be used for the pre-observed conditional variance; otherwise is not referenced.

coptsbool, array-like, shape

The options to be used by uni_garch_asym2_estim.

Stationary conditions are enforced, otherwise they are not.

The function provides initial parameter estimates of the regression terms, otherwise these are to be provided by you.

maxitint

The maximum number of iterations to be used by the optimization function when estimating the parameters. If is set to , the standard errors, score vector and variance-covariance are calculated for the input value of in when ; however the value of is not updated.

tolfloat

The tolerance to be used by the optimization function when estimating the parameters.

io_managerFileObjManager, optional

Manager for I/O in this routine.

Returns
thetafloat, ndarray, shape

The estimated values for the vector .

The first element contains the coefficient , the next elements contain the coefficients , for .

The next elements are the coefficients , for .

The next element contains the estimate for the asymmetry parameter .

If , the next element contains an estimate for , the number of degrees of freedom of the Student’s -distribution.

If , the next element contains an estimate for the mean term .

The final elements are the estimated linear regression coefficients , for .

sefloat, ndarray, shape

The standard errors for .

The first element contains the standard error for and the next elements contain the standard errors for , for .

The next elements are the standard errors for , for .

The next element contains the standard error for .

If , the next element contains the standard error for , the number of degrees of freedom of the Student’s -distribution.

If , the next element contains the standard error for .

The final elements are the standard errors for , for .

scfloat, ndarray, shape

The scores for .

The first element contains the score for and the next elements contain the score for , for .

The next elements are the scores for , for .

The next element contains the score for .

If , the next element contains the score for , the number of degrees of freedom of the Student’s -distribution.

If , the next element contains the score for .

The final elements are the scores for , for .

covrfloat, ndarray, shape

The covariance matrix of the parameter estimates , that is the inverse of the Fisher Information Matrix.

phtfloat

If , is the estimated value of the pre-observed conditional variance.

etfloat, ndarray, shape

The estimated residuals, , for .

htfloat, ndarray, shape

The estimated conditional variances, , for .

lgffloat

The value of the log-likelihood function at .

Raises
NagValueError
(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: if then , else .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: or .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: or .

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

On entry, the matrix is not full rank.

(errno )

The information matrix is not positive definite.

(errno )

No feasible model parameters could be found.

Warns
NagAlgorithmicWarning
(errno )

The maximum number of iterations has been reached.

(errno )

The log-likelihood cannot be optimized any further.

Notes

A univariate regression-type II process, with coefficients , for , coefficients, , for , and linear regression coefficients , for , can be represented by:

where or . Here is a standardized Student’s -distribution with degrees of freedom and variance , is the number of terms in the sequence, denotes the endogenous variables, the exogenous variables, the regression mean, the regression coefficients, the residuals, the conditional variance, and the set of all information up to time .

uni_garch_asym2_estim provides an estimate for the parameter vector where , when and when .

and can be used to simplify the expression in (1) as follows:

No Regression and No Mean

,

,

and

is a vector when and a vector when .

No Regression

,

,

and

is a vector when and a vector when .

Note: if the , where is known (not to be estimated by uni_garch_asym2_estim) then (1) can be written as , where . This corresponds to the case No Regression and No Mean, with replaced by .

No Mean

,

,

and

is a vector when and a vector when .

References

Bollerslev, T, 1986, Generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity, Journal of Econometrics (31), 307–327

Engle, R, 1982, Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity with estimates of the variance of United Kingdom inflation, Econometrica (50), 987–1008

Engle, R and Ng, V, 1993, Measuring and testing the impact of news on volatility, Journal of Finance (48), 1749–1777

Hamilton, J, 1994, Time Series Analysis, Princeton University Press