The routine may be called by the names g08chf or nagf_nonpar_gofstat_anddar.
Denote by the Anderson–Darling test statistic for observations of a variable assumed to be standard uniform and sorted in ascending order, then:
When observations of a random variable are non-uniformly distributed, the probability integral transformation (PIT):
where is the cumulative distribution function of the distribution of interest, yields a uniformly distributed random variable . The PIT is true only if all parameters of a distribution are known as opposed to estimated; otherwise it is an approximation.
Anderson T W and Darling D A (1952) Asymptotic theory of certain ‘goodness-of-fit’ criteria based on stochastic processes Annals of Mathematical Statistics23 193–212
1: – IntegerInput
On entry: , the number of observations.
2: – LogicalInput
On entry: set if the observations are sorted in ascending order; otherwise the function will sort the observations.
3: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput/Output
On entry: , for , the observations.
On exit: if , the data sorted in ascending order; otherwise the array is unchanged.
if , the values must be sorted in ascending order. Each must lie in the interval .
4: – IntegerInput/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to , or to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of means that an error message is printed while a value of means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value or is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value is recommended. Otherwise, the value is recommended. When the value or is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
If on entry or , explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, .
and the data in y is not sorted in ascending order.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
8Parallelism and Performance
Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
g08chf is threaded by NAG for parallel execution in multithreaded implementations of the NAG Library.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.
This example calculates the statistic for data assumed to arise from an exponential distribution with a sample parameter estimate and simulates its -value using the NAG basic random number generator.