The routine may be called by the names c09faf or nagf_wav_dim3_sngl_fwd.
c09faf computes the three-dimensional DWT of some given three-dimensional input data, considered as a number of two-dimensional frames, at a single level. For a chosen wavelet filter pair, the output coefficients are obtained by applying convolution and downsampling by two to the input data, , first over columns, next over rows and finally across frames. The three-dimensional approximation coefficients are produced by the low pass filter over columns, rows and frames. In addition there are sets of three-dimensional detail coefficients, each corresponding to a different order of low pass and high pass filters (see the C09 Chapter Introduction). All coefficients are packed into a single array. To reduce distortion effects at the ends of the data array, several end extension methods are commonly used. Those provided are: periodic or circular convolution end extension, half-point symmetric end extension, whole-point symmetric end extension and zero end extension. The total number, , of coefficients computed is returned by the initialization routine c09acf.
Daubechies I (1992) Ten Lectures on Wavelets SIAM, Philadelphia
1: – IntegerInput
On entry: the number of rows of each two-dimensional frame.
this must be the same as the value m passed to the initialization routine c09acf.
2: – IntegerInput
On entry: the number of columns of each two-dimensional frame.
this must be the same as the value n passed to the initialization routine c09acf.
3: – IntegerInput
On entry: the number of two-dimensional frames.
this must be the same as the value fr passed to the initialization routine c09acf.
4: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput
On entry: the three-dimensional input data , where is stored in .
5: – IntegerInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array a as declared in the (sub)program from which c09faf is called.
6: – IntegerInput
On entry: the second dimension of the array a as declared in the (sub)program from which c09faf is called.
7: – IntegerInput
On entry: the dimension of the array c as declared in the (sub)program from which c09faf is called.
, where is the total number of wavelet coefficients, as returned by c09acf.
8: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayOutput
On exit: the coefficients of the discrete wavelet transform. If you need to access or modify the approximation coefficients or any specific set of detail coefficients then the use of c09fyforc09fzf is recommended. For completeness the following description provides details of precisely how the coefficients are stored in c but this information should only be required in rare cases.
The sets of coefficients are stored in the following order: approximation coefficients (LLL) first, followed by sets of detail coefficients: LLH, LHL, LHH, HLL, HLH, HHL, HHH, where L indicates the low pass filter, and H the high pass filter being applied to, respectively, the columns of length m, the rows of length n and then the frames of length fr. Note that for computational efficiency reasons each set of coefficients is stored in the order (see output arguments nwcfr, nwct and nwcn in c09acf).
9: – Integer arrayCommunication Array
On entry: contains details of the discrete wavelet transform and the problem dimension as setup in the call to the initialization routine c09acf.
On exit: contains additional information on the computed transform.
10: – IntegerInput/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to , or to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of means that an error message is printed while a value of means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value or is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value is recommended. Otherwise, the value is recommended. When the value or is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
If on entry or , explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, . Constraint: , the value of fr on initialization (see c09acf).
On entry, . Constraint: , the value of m on initialization (see c09acf).
On entry, . Constraint: , the value of n on initialization (see c09acf).
On entry, and .
On entry, and . Constraint: .
On entry, and . Constraint: , where is the number of DWT coefficients returned by c09acf in argument nwct.
Either the communication array icomm has been corrupted or there has not been a prior call to the initialization routine c09acf.
The initialization routine was called with .
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
The accuracy of the wavelet transform depends only on the floating-point operations used in the convolution and downsampling and should thus be close to machine precision.
8Parallelism and Performance
Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
c09faf is threaded by NAG for parallel execution in multithreaded implementations of the NAG Library.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.
This example computes the three-dimensional discrete wavelet decomposition for input data using the Haar wavelet, , with half point end extension, prints the wavelet coefficients and then reconstructs the original data using c09fbf. This example also demonstrates in general how to access any set of coefficients following a single level transform.