# NAG CL Interfacef08bxc (zunmrz)

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## 1Purpose

f08bxc multiplies a general complex $m×n$ matrix $C$ by the complex unitary matrix $Z$ from an $RZ$ factorization computed by f08bvc.

## 2Specification

 #include
 void f08bxc (Nag_OrderType order, Nag_SideType side, Nag_TransType trans, Integer m, Integer n, Integer k, Integer l, const Complex a[], Integer pda, const Complex tau[], Complex c[], Integer pdc, NagError *fail)
The function may be called by the names: f08bxc, nag_lapackeig_zunmrz or nag_zunmrz.

## 3Description

f08bxc is intended to be used following a call to f08bvc, which performs an $RZ$ factorization of a real upper trapezoidal matrix $A$ and represents the unitary matrix $Z$ as a product of elementary reflectors.
This function may be used to form one of the matrix products
 $ZC , ZHC , CZ , CZH ,$
overwriting the result on $C$, which may be any complex rectangular $m×n$ matrix.

## 4References

Anderson E, Bai Z, Bischof C, Blackford S, Demmel J, Dongarra J J, Du Croz J J, Greenbaum A, Hammarling S, McKenney A and Sorensen D (1999) LAPACK Users' Guide (3rd Edition) SIAM, Philadelphia https://www.netlib.org/lapack/lug

## 5Arguments

1: $\mathbf{order}$Nag_OrderType Input
On entry: the order argument specifies the two-dimensional storage scheme being used, i.e., row-major ordering or column-major ordering. C language defined storage is specified by ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$. See Section 3.1.3 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for a more detailed explanation of the use of this argument.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$.
2: $\mathbf{side}$Nag_SideType Input
On entry: indicates how $Z$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}$ is to be applied to $C$.
${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$
$Z$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}$ is applied to $C$ from the left.
${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$
$Z$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}$ is applied to $C$ from the right.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$.
3: $\mathbf{trans}$Nag_TransType Input
On entry: indicates whether $Z$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}$ is to be applied to $C$.
${\mathbf{trans}}=\mathrm{Nag_NoTrans}$
$Z$ is applied to $C$.
${\mathbf{trans}}=\mathrm{Nag_ConjTrans}$
${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}$ is applied to $C$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{trans}}=\mathrm{Nag_NoTrans}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_ConjTrans}$.
4: $\mathbf{m}$Integer Input
On entry: $m$, the number of rows of the matrix $C$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{m}}\ge 0$.
5: $\mathbf{n}$Integer Input
On entry: $n$, the number of columns of the matrix $C$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
6: $\mathbf{k}$Integer Input
On entry: $k$, the number of elementary reflectors whose product defines the matrix $Z$.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{m}}\ge {\mathbf{k}}\ge 0$;
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{n}}\ge {\mathbf{k}}\ge 0$.
7: $\mathbf{l}$Integer Input
On entry: $l$, the number of columns of the matrix $A$ containing the meaningful part of the Householder reflectors.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{m}}\ge {\mathbf{l}}\ge 0$;
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{n}}\ge {\mathbf{l}}\ge 0$.
8: $\mathbf{a}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$const Complex Input
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array a must be at least
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{pda}}×{\mathbf{m}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$ and ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{k}}×{\mathbf{pda}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$ and ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$;
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{pda}}×{\mathbf{n}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$ and ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{k}}×{\mathbf{pda}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$ and ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$.
The $\left(i,j\right)$th element of the matrix $A$ is stored in
• ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(j-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+i-1\right]$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(i-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+j-1\right]$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$.
On entry: the $\mathit{i}$th row of a must contain the vector which defines the elementary reflector ${H}_{\mathit{i}}$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,k$, as returned by f08bvc.
9: $\mathbf{pda}$Integer Input
On entry: the stride separating row or column elements (depending on the value of order) in the array a.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{k}}\right)$;
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$,
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$;
• if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
10: $\mathbf{tau}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$const Complex Input
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array tau must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{k}}\right)$.
On entry: ${\mathbf{tau}}\left[i-1\right]$ must contain the scalar factor of the elementary reflector ${H}_{i}$, as returned by f08bvc.
11: $\mathbf{c}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$Complex Input/Output
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array c must be at least
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{pdc}}×{\mathbf{n}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}×{\mathbf{pdc}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$.
The $\left(i,j\right)$th element of the matrix $C$ is stored in
• ${\mathbf{c}}\left[\left(j-1\right)×{\mathbf{pdc}}+i-1\right]$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• ${\mathbf{c}}\left[\left(i-1\right)×{\mathbf{pdc}}+j-1\right]$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$.
On entry: the $m×n$ matrix $C$.
On exit: c is overwritten by $ZC$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}C$ or $CZ$ or ${Z}^{\mathrm{H}}C$ as specified by side and trans.
12: $\mathbf{pdc}$Integer Input
On entry: the stride separating row or column elements (depending on the value of order) in the array c.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$, ${\mathbf{pdc}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$;
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$, ${\mathbf{pdc}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
13: $\mathbf{fail}$NagError * Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_ALLOC_FAIL
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.1.2 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
On entry, argument $⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ had an illegal value.
NE_ENUM_INT_3
On entry, ${\mathbf{side}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{k}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{m}}\ge {\mathbf{k}}\ge 0$;
if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{n}}\ge {\mathbf{k}}\ge 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{side}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{l}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{m}}\ge {\mathbf{l}}\ge 0$;
if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{n}}\ge {\mathbf{l}}\ge 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{side}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{pda}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$;
if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
NE_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{m}}\ge 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{pda}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}>0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{pdc}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pdc}}>0$.
NE_INT_2
On entry, ${\mathbf{pda}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{k}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{k}}\right)$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{pdc}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pdc}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{pdc}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pdc}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
See Section 7.5 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
NE_NO_LICENCE
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.

## 7Accuracy

The computed result differs from the exact result by a matrix $E$ such that
 $‖E‖2 = O⁡ε ‖C‖2$
where $\epsilon$ is the machine precision.

## 8Parallelism and Performance

Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
f08bxc makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this function. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.

The total number of floating-point operations is approximately $16nlk$ if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_LeftSide}$ and $16mlk$ if ${\mathbf{side}}=\mathrm{Nag_RightSide}$.
The real analogue of this function is f08bkc.

See f08bvc.