The function may be called by the names: c05awc, nag_roots_contfn_cntin or nag_zero_cont_func_cntin.
c05awc attempts to obtain an approximation to a simple zero of the function given an initial approximation to . The zero is found by a call to c05axc whose specification should be consulted for details of the method used.
The approximation to the zero is determined so that at least one of the following criteria is satisfied:
On entry: an absolute tolerance to control the accuracy to which the zero is determined. In general, the smaller the value of eps the more accurate x will be as an approximation to . Indeed, for very small positive values of eps, it is likely that the final approximation will satisfy . You are advised to call the function with more than one value for eps to check the accuracy obtained.
3: – doubleInput
On entry: a value such that if , is accepted as the zero. eta may be specified as (see Section 7).
4: – function, supplied by the userExternal Function
f must evaluate the function whose zero is to be determined.
On entry: the point at which the function must be evaluated.
2: – Nag_Comm *
Pointer to structure of type Nag_Comm; the following members are relevant to f.
user – double *
iuser – Integer *
p – Pointer
The type Pointer will be void *. Before calling c05awc you may allocate memory and initialize these pointers with various quantities for use by f when called from c05awc (see Section 3.1.1 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).
Note:f should not return floating-point NaN (Not a Number) or infinity values, since these are not handled by c05awc. If your code inadvertently does return any NaNs or infinities, c05awc is likely to produce unexpected results.
5: – IntegerInput
On entry: the maximum permitted number of calls to f from c05awc. If f is inexpensive to evaluate, nfmax should be given a large value (say ).
6: – Nag_Comm *
The NAG communication argument (see Section 3.1.1 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).
7: – NagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.1.2 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
On entry, argument had an illegal value.
On entry, .
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
See Section 7.5 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
Internal scale factor invalid for this problem. Consider using c05axc instead and setting scal.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
On entry, .
Either f has no zero near x or too much accuracy has been requested. Check the coding of f or increase eps.
nfmax may be too small for the problem (because x is too far away from the zero), or f has no zero near x, or too much accuracy has been requested in calculating the zero. Increase nfmax, check the coding of f or increase eps.
The levels of accuracy depend on the values of eps and eta. If full machine accuracy is required, they may be set very small, resulting in an exit with NE_SECANT_ITER_FAILED or NE_TOO_MANY_CALLS, although this may involve many more iterations than a lesser accuracy. You are recommended to set and to use eps to control the accuracy, unless you have considerable knowledge of the size of for values of near the zero.
8Parallelism and Performance
c05awc is not threaded in any implementation.
The time taken by c05awc depends primarily on the time spent evaluating the function (see Section 5) and on how close the initial value of x is to the zero.
If a more flexible way of specifying the function is required or if you wish to have closer control of the calculation, then the reverse communication function c05axc is recommended instead of c05awc.
This example calculates the zero of from a starting value . Two calculations are made with and for comparison purposes, with in both cases.