f11bd
is the AD Library version of the primal routine
f11bdf.
Based (in the C++ interface) on overload resolution,
f11bd can be used for primal, tangent and adjoint
evaluation. It supports tangents and adjoints of first order.
Corresponding to the overloaded C++ function, the Fortran interface provides five routines with names reflecting the type used for active real arguments. The actual subroutine and type names are formed by replacing AD and ADTYPE in the above as follows:
The function is overloaded on ADTYPE which represents the type of active arguments. ADTYPE may be any of the following types: double, dco::ga1s<double>::type, dco::gt1s<double>::type
Note: this function can be used with AD tools other than dco/c++. For details, please contact NAG.
3Description
f11bd
is the AD Library version of the primal routine
f11bdf.
f11bdf is a setup routine, the first in a suite of three routines for the iterative solution of a real general (nonsymmetric) system of simultaneous linear equations. f11bdf must be called before f11bef, the iterative solver.
The third routine in the suite, f11bff, can be used to return additional information about the computation.
These routines are suitable for the solution of large sparse general (nonsymmetric) systems of equations.
For further information see Section 3 in the documentation for f11bdf.
4References
Arnoldi W (1951) The principle of minimized iterations in the solution of the matrix eigenvalue problem Quart. Appl. Math.9 17–29
Barrett R, Berry M, Chan T F, Demmel J, Donato J, Dongarra J, Eijkhout V, Pozo R, Romine C and Van der Vorst H (1994) Templates for the Solution of Linear Systems: Building Blocks for Iterative Methods SIAM, Philadelphia
Dias da Cunha R and Hopkins T (1994) PIM 1.1 — the parallel iterative method package for systems of linear equations user's guide — Fortran 77 version Technical Report Computing Laboratory, University of Kent at Canterbury, Kent, UK
Freund R W (1993) A transpose-free quasi-minimal residual algorithm for non-Hermitian linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Comput.14 470–482
Freund R W and Nachtigal N (1991) QMR: a Quasi-Minimal Residual Method for Non-Hermitian Linear Systems Numer. Math.60 315–339
Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
Higham N J (1988) FORTRAN codes for estimating the one-norm of a real or complex matrix, with applications to condition estimation ACM Trans. Math. Software14 381–396
Saad Y and Schultz M (1986) GMRES: a generalized minimal residual algorithm for solving nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput.7 856–869
Sleijpen G L G and Fokkema D R (1993) BiCGSTAB$\left(\ell \right)$ for linear equations involving matrices with complex spectrum ETNA1 11–32
Sonneveld P (1989) CGS, a fast Lanczos-type solver for nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput.10 36–52
Van der Vorst H (1989) Bi-CGSTAB, a fast and smoothly converging variant of Bi-CG for the solution of nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput.13 631–644
5Arguments
In addition to the arguments present in the interface of the primal routine,
f11bd includes some arguments specific to AD.
A brief summary of the AD specific arguments is given below. For the remainder, links are provided to the corresponding argument from the primal routine.
A tooltip popup for all arguments can be found by hovering over the argument name in Section 2 and in this section.
f11bd preserves all error codes from f11bdf and in addition can return:
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-89$
An unexpected AD error has been triggered by this routine. Please
contact NAG.
See Section 4.8.2 in the NAG AD Library Introduction for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-199$
The routine was called using a mode that has not yet been implemented.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-443$
On entry: ad_handle is nullptr.
This check is only made if the overloaded C++ interface is used with arguments not of type double.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-444$
A C++ exception was thrown.
The error message will show the details of the C++ exception text.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-899$
Dynamic memory allocation failed for AD.
See Section 4.8.1 in the NAG AD Library Introduction for further information.
7Accuracy
Not applicable.
8Parallelism and Performance
f11bd
is not threaded in any implementation.
9Further Comments
None.
10Example
The following examples are variants of the example for
f11bdf,
modified to demonstrate calling the NAG AD Library.
Description of the primal example.
This example solves an $8\times 8$ nonsymmetric system of simultaneous linear equations using the bi-conjugate gradient stabilized method of order $\ell =1$, where the coefficients matrix $A$ has a random sparsity pattern. An incomplete $LU$ preconditioner is used (routines f11da or f11db).