NAG FL Interfaces18csf (bessel_​i0_​scaled_​vector)

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1Purpose

s18csf returns an array of values of the scaled modified Bessel function ${e}^{-|x|}{I}_{0}\left(x\right)$.

2Specification

Fortran Interface
 Subroutine s18csf ( n, x, f,
 Integer, Intent (In) :: n Integer, Intent (Inout) :: ifail Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In) :: x(n) Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out) :: f(n)
#include <nag.h>
 void s18csf_ (const Integer *n, const double x[], double f[], Integer *ifail)
The routine may be called by the names s18csf or nagf_specfun_bessel_i0_scaled_vector.

3Description

s18csf evaluates an approximation to ${e}^{-|{x}_{i}|}{I}_{0}\left({x}_{i}\right)$, where ${I}_{0}$ is a modified Bessel function of the first kind for an array of arguments ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,n$. The scaling factor ${e}^{-|x|}$ removes most of the variation in ${I}_{0}\left(x\right)$.
The routine uses the same Chebyshev expansions as s18asf, which returns an array of the unscaled values of ${I}_{0}\left(x\right)$.

4References

NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions

5Arguments

1: $\mathbf{n}$Integer Input
On entry: $n$, the number of points.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
2: $\mathbf{x}\left({\mathbf{n}}\right)$Real (Kind=nag_wp) array Input
On entry: the argument ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ of the function, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$.
3: $\mathbf{f}\left({\mathbf{n}}\right)$Real (Kind=nag_wp) array Output
On exit: ${e}^{-|{x}_{i}|}{I}_{0}\left({x}_{i}\right)$, the function values.
4: $\mathbf{ifail}$Integer Input/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to $0$, $-1$ or $1$ to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of $0$ causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of $-1$ means that an error message is printed while a value of $1$ means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value $-1$ or $1$ is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value $1$ is recommended. Otherwise, the value $0$ is recommended. When the value $-\mathbf{1}$ or $\mathbf{1}$ is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ${\mathbf{ifail}}={\mathbf{0}}$ unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

6Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ${\mathbf{ifail}}=0$ or $-1$, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
${\mathbf{ifail}}=1$
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-99$
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-399$
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-999$
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.

7Accuracy

Relative errors in the argument are attenuated when propagated into the function value. When the accuracy of the argument is essentially limited by the machine precision, the accuracy of the function value will be similarly limited by at most a small multiple of the machine precision.

8Parallelism and Performance

s18csf is not threaded in any implementation.

None.

10Example

This example reads values of x from a file, evaluates the function at each value of ${x}_{i}$ and prints the results.

10.1Program Text

Program Text (s18csfe.f90)

10.2Program Data

Program Data (s18csfe.d)

10.3Program Results

Program Results (s18csfe.r)