On entry: ifail must be set to , . If you are unfamiliar with this argument you should refer to Section 4 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this argument, the recommended value is . When the value is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
If on entry or , explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, . Constraint: . is too large and the function returns the approximate value of at the nearest valid argument.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Let and be the relative errors in the argument and result respectively.
If is somewhat larger than the machine precision (i.e., if is due to data errors etc.), then and are approximately related by:
Figure 1 shows the behaviour of the error amplification factor
However, if is of the same order as machine precision, then rounding errors could make slightly larger than the above relation predicts.
For small the amplification factor is approximately , which implies strong attenuation of the error, but in general can never be less than the machine precision.
For large , and we have strong amplification of errors. However, the routine must fail for quite moderate values of , because would overflow; hence in practice the loss of accuracy for large is not excessive. Note that for large the errors will be dominated by those of the standard function exp.
8Parallelism and Performance
s18aef is not threaded in any implementation.
This example reads values of the argument from a file, evaluates the function at each value of and prints the results.