## 1Purpose

d02uyf obtains the weights for Clenshaw–Curtis quadrature at Chebyshev points. This allows for fast approximations of integrals for functions specified on Chebyshev Gauss–Lobatto points on $\left[-1,1\right]$.

## 2Specification

Fortran Interface
 Subroutine d02uyf ( n, w,
 Integer, Intent (In) :: n Integer, Intent (Inout) :: ifail Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out) :: w(n+1)
#include <nag.h>
 void d02uyf_ (const Integer *n, double w[], Integer *ifail)
The routine may be called by the names d02uyf or nagf_ode_bvp_ps_lin_quad_weights.

## 3Description

d02uyf obtains the weights for Clenshaw–Curtis quadrature at Chebyshev points.
Given the (Clenshaw–Curtis) weights ${w}_{\mathit{i}}$, for $\mathit{i}=0,1,\dots ,n$, and function values ${f}_{\mathit{i}}=f\left({t}_{\mathit{i}}\right)$ (where ${t}_{\mathit{i}}=-\mathrm{cos}\left(\mathit{i}×\pi /n\right)$, for $\mathit{i}=0,1,\dots ,n$, are the Chebyshev Gauss–Lobatto points), then $\underset{-1}{\overset{1}{\int }}f\left(x\right)dx\approx \sum _{\mathit{i}=0}^{n}{w}_{i}{f}_{i}$.
For a function discretized on a Chebyshev Gauss–Lobatto grid on $\left[a,b\right]$ the resultant summation must be multiplied by the factor $\left(b-a\right)/2$.

## 4References

Trefethen L N (2000) Spectral Methods in MATLAB SIAM

## 5Arguments

1: $\mathbf{n}$Integer Input
On entry: $n$, where the number of grid points is $n+1$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}>0$ and n is even.
2: $\mathbf{w}\left({\mathbf{n}}+1\right)$Real (Kind=nag_wp) array Output
On exit: the Clenshaw–Curtis quadrature weights, ${w}_{\mathit{i}}$, for $\mathit{i}=0,1,\dots ,n$.
3: $\mathbf{ifail}$Integer Input/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to $0$, . If you are unfamiliar with this argument you should refer to Section 4 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value $1$ is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this argument, the recommended value is $0$. When the value is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ${\mathbf{ifail}}={\mathbf{0}}$ unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ${\mathbf{ifail}}=0$ or $-1$, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
${\mathbf{ifail}}=1$
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}>0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: n is even.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-99$
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-399$
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-999$
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.

## 7Accuracy

The accuracy should be close to machine precision.

## 8Parallelism and Performance

d02uyf is not threaded in any implementation.

A real array of length $2n$ is internally allocated.

## 10Example

This example approximates the integral $\underset{-1}{\overset{3}{\int }}3{x}^{2}dx$ using $65$ Clenshaw–Curtis weights and a $\mathrm{65}$-point Chebyshev Gauss–Lobatto grid on $\left[-1,3\right]$.

### 10.1Program Text

Program Text (d02uyfe.f90)

### 10.2Program Data

Program Data (d02uyfe.d)

### 10.3Program Results

Program Results (d02uyfe.r)