# NAG CL Interfaces18eec (nag_bessel_i_nu)

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## 1Purpose

s18eec returns the value of the modified Bessel function ${I}_{\nu /4}\left(x\right)$ for real $x>0$.

## 2Specification

 #include
 double s18eec (double x, Integer nu, NagError *fail)
The function may be called by the names: s18eec or nag_bessel_i_nu.

## 3Description

s18eec evaluates an approximation to the modified Bessel function of the first kind ${I}_{\nu /4}\left(x\right)$, where the order $\nu =-3,-2,-1,1,2$ or $3$ and $x$ is real and positive. For positive orders it may also be called with $x=0$, since ${I}_{\nu /4}\left(0\right)=0$ when $\nu >0$. For negative orders the formula
 $I - ν / 4 (x) = I ν/4 (x) + 2 π sin( πν 4 ) K ν/4 (x)$
is used.

## 4References

Abramowitz M and Stegun I A (1972) Handbook of Mathematical Functions (3rd Edition) Dover Publications

## 5Arguments

1: $\mathbf{x}$double Input
On entry: the argument $x$ of the function.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{nu}}<0$, ${\mathbf{x}}>0.0$;
• if ${\mathbf{nu}}>0$, ${\mathbf{x}}\ge 0.0$.
2: $\mathbf{nu}$Integer Input
On entry: the argument $\nu$ of the function.
Constraint: $1\le \mathrm{abs}\left({\mathbf{nu}}\right)\le 3$.
3: $\mathbf{fail}$NagError * Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{nu}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: $1\le \mathrm{abs}\left({\mathbf{nu}}\right)\le 3$.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_OVERFLOW_LIKELY
The evaluation has been abandoned due to the likelihood of overflow. The result is returned as zero.
NE_REAL_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{x}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{nu}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{x}}>0.0$ when ${\mathbf{nu}}<0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{x}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{nu}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{x}}\ge 0.0$ when ${\mathbf{nu}}>0$.
NE_TERMINATION_FAILURE
The evaluation has been abandoned due to failure to satisfy the termination condition. The result is returned as zero.
NE_TOTAL_PRECISION_LOSS
The evaluation has been abandoned due to total loss of precision. The result is returned as zero.
NW_SOME_PRECISION_LOSS
The evaluation has been completed but some precision has been lost.

## 7Accuracy

All constants in the underlying functions are specified to approximately 18 digits of precision. If $t$ denotes the number of digits of precision in the floating-point arithmetic being used, then clearly the maximum number of correct digits in the results obtained is limited by $p=\mathrm{min}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(t,18\right)$. Because of errors in argument reduction when computing elementary functions inside the underlying functions, the actual number of correct digits is limited, in general, by $p-s$, where $s\approx \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,|{\mathrm{log}}_{10}x|\right)$ represents the number of digits lost due to the argument reduction. Thus the larger the value of $x$, the less the precision in the result.

## 8Parallelism and Performance

s18eec is not threaded in any implementation.

None.

## 10Example

The example program reads values of the arguments $x$ and $\nu$ from a file, evaluates the function and prints the results.

### 10.1Program Text

Program Text (s18eece.c)

### 10.2Program Data

Program Data (s18eece.d)

### 10.3Program Results

Program Results (s18eece.r)