# NAG Library Routine Document

## 1Purpose

s18gbf returns the value of the modified Struve function of order $1$, ${L}_{1}\left(x\right)$, via the function name.

## 2Specification

Fortran Interface
 Function s18gbf ( x,
 Real (Kind=nag_wp) :: s18gbf Integer, Intent (Inout) :: ifail Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In) :: x
#include <nagmk26.h>
 double s18gbf_ (const double *x, Integer *ifail)

## 3Description

s18gbf evaluates an approximation to the modified Struve function of order $1$, ${L}_{1}\left(x\right)$.
Please consult the NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions for a detailed discussion of the Struve function including special cases, transformations, relations and asymptotic approximations.
The approximation method used by this routine is based on Chebyshev expansions.

## 4References

NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions
MacLeod A J (1996) MISCFUN, a software package to compute uncommon special functions ACM Trans. Math. Software (TOMS) 22(3) 288–301

## 5Arguments

1:     $\mathbf{x}$ – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Input
On entry: the argument $x$ of the function.
2:     $\mathbf{ifail}$ – IntegerInput/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to $0$, . If you are unfamiliar with this argument you should refer to Section 3.4 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value  is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value $1$ is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this argument, the recommended value is $0$. When the value  is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ${\mathbf{ifail}}={\mathbf{0}}$ unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ${\mathbf{ifail}}=0$ or $-1$, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
${\mathbf{ifail}}=1$
The value of ${L}_{1}\left(x\right)$ is larger than the largest positive floating-point number, which is returned.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-99$
See Section 3.9 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-399$
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 3.8 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
${\mathbf{ifail}}=-999$
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.7 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.

## 7Accuracy

The Chebyshev coefficients used by this routine are internally represented to $20$ digits of precision. Calling the number of digits of precision in the floating-point arithmetic being used $t$, then clearly the maximum number of correct digits in the results obtained is limited by $p=\mathrm{min}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(t,20\right)$.
Apart from this, rounding errors in internal arithmetic may result in a slight loss of accuracy, but it is reasonable to assume that the result is accurate to within a small multiple of the machine precision.

## 8Parallelism and Performance

s18gbf is not threaded in any implementation.

None.

## 10Example

This example reads values of the argument $x$ from a file, evaluates the function at each value of $x$ and prints the results.

### 10.1Program Text

Program Text (s18gbfe.f90)

### 10.2Program Data

Program Data (s18gbfe.d)

### 10.3Program Results

Program Results (s18gbfe.r)