NAG Library Routine Document

f01rkf (complex_gen_rq_formq)


f01rkf returns the first  rows of the n by n unitary matrix PH, where P is given as the product of Householder transformation matrices.
This routine is intended for use following f01rjf.


Fortran Interface
Subroutine f01rkf ( wheret, m, n, nrowp, a, lda, theta, work, ifail)
Integer, Intent (In):: m, n, nrowp, lda
Integer, Intent (Inout):: ifail
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In):: theta(*)
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Inout):: a(lda,*)
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out):: work(max(m-1,nrowp-m,1))
Character (1), Intent (In):: wheret
C Header Interface
#include <nagmk26.h>
void  f01rkf_ (const char *wheret, const Integer *m, const Integer *n, const Integer *nrowp, Complex a[], const Integer *lda, const Complex theta[], Complex work[], Integer *ifail, const Charlen length_wheret)


P is assumed to be given by
P = Pm P m-1 P1 ,  
Pk=I-γkukukH, uk= wk ζk 0 zk  
γk is a scalar for which Reγk=1.0, ζk is a real scalar, wk is a k-1 element vector and zk is an n-m element vector. wk must be supplied in the kth row of a in elements ak1,,akk-1. zk must be supplied in the kth row of a in elements akm+1,,akn and θk, given by
must be supplied either in akk or in thetak, depending upon the argument wheret.


Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
Wilkinson J H (1965) The Algebraic Eigenvalue Problem Oxford University Press, Oxford


1:     wheret – Character(1)Input
On entry: indicates where the elements of θ are to be found.
wheret='I' (In a)
The elements of θ are in a.
wheret='S' (Separate)
The elements of θ are separate from a, in theta.
Constraint: wheret='I' or 'S'.
2:     m – IntegerInput
On entry: m, the number of rows of the matrix A.
Constraint: m0.
3:     n – IntegerInput
On entry: n, the number of columns of the matrix A.
Constraint: nm.
4:     nrowp – IntegerInput
On entry: , the required number of rows of P.
If nrowp=0, an immediate return is effected.
Constraint: 0nrowpn.
5:     alda* – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput/Output
Note: the second dimension of the array a must be at least max1,n.
On entry: the leading m by m strictly lower triangular part of the array a, and the m by n-m rectangular part of a with top left-hand corner at element a1m+1 must contain details of the matrix P. In addition, if wheret='I', the diagonal elements of a must contain the elements of θ.
On exit: the first nrowp rows of the array a are overwritten by the first nrowp rows of the n by n unitary matrix PH.
6:     lda – IntegerInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array a as declared in the (sub)program from which f01rkf is called.
Constraint: ldamax1,m,nrowp.
7:     theta* – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput
Note: the dimension of the array theta must be at least max1,m if wheret='S', and at least 1 otherwise.
On entry: if wheret='S', the array theta must contain the elements of θ. If thetak=0.0, Pk is assumed to be I, if thetak=α and Reα<0.0, Pk is assumed to be of the form
Pk= I 0 0 0 α 0 0 0 I ,  
otherwise thetak is assumed to contain θk given by
If wheret='I', the array theta is not referenced.
8:     workmaxm-1,nrowp-m,1 – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
9:     ifail – IntegerInput/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to 0, -1 or 1. If you are unfamiliar with this argument you should refer to Section 3.4 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value -1 or 1 is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value 1 is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this argument, the recommended value is 0. When the value -1 or 1 is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ifail=0 unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ifail=0 or -1, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, lda=value, m=value and nrowp=value.
Constraint: ldamaxm,nrowp.
On entry, m=value.
Constraint: m0.
On entry, n=value and m=value.
Constraint: nm.
On entry, nrowp=value and n=value.
Constraint: nrowp0 and nrowpn.
On entry, wheret=value.
Constraint: wheret='I' or 'S'.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please contact NAG.
See Section 3.9 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 3.8 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.7 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.


The computed matrix P satisfies the relation
where Q is an exactly unitary matrix and
where ε the machine precision (see x02ajf), c is a modest function of n, and . denotes the spectral (two) norm. See also Section 7 in f01rjf.

Parallelism and Performance

f01rkf makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.

Further Comments

The approximate number of floating-point operations is given by
83n3n-m2-m-m-m, if ​m, and ​ 8323n-, if ​<m.  


This example obtains the 5 by 5 unitary matrix P following the RQ factorization of the 3 by 5 matrix A given by
A = -0.5i 0.4-0.3i 0.4i+0.0 0.3-0.4i 0.3i -0.5-1.5i 0.9-1.3i -0.4-0.4i 0.1-0.7i 0.3-0.3i -1.0-1.0i 0.2-1.4i 1.8i+0.0 0.0i+0.0 -2.4i .  

Program Text

Program Text (f01rkfe.f90)

Program Data

Program Data (f01rkfe.d)

Program Results

Program Results (f01rkfe.r)