NAG Library Routine Document
estimates the condition number of a complex Hermitian positive definite band matrix
has been factorized by f07hrf (zpbtrf)
|Integer, Intent (In)||:: ||n, kd, ldab|
|Integer, Intent (Out)||:: ||info|
|Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In)||:: ||anorm|
|Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out)||:: ||rcond, rwork(n)|
|Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In)||:: ||ab(ldab,*)|
|Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out)||:: ||work(2*n)|
|Character (1), Intent (In)||:: ||uplo|C Header Interface
f07huf_ (const char *uplo, const Integer *n, const Integer *kd, const Complex ab, const Integer *ldab, const double *anorm, double *rcond, Complex work, double rwork, Integer *info, const Charlen length_uplo)|
The routine may be called by its
estimates the condition number (in the
-norm) of a complex Hermitian positive definite band matrix
Because is infinite if is singular, the routine actually returns an estimate of the reciprocal of .
The routine should be preceded by a call to f06uef
and a call to f07hrf (zpbtrf)
to compute the Cholesky factorization of
. The routine then uses Higham's implementation of Hager's method (see Higham (1988)
) to estimate
Higham N J (1988) FORTRAN codes for estimating the one-norm of a real or complex matrix, with applications to condition estimation ACM Trans. Math. Software 14 381–396
- 1: – Character(1)Input
: specifies how
has been factorized.
- , where is upper triangular.
- , where is lower triangular.
- 2: – IntegerInput
On entry: , the order of the matrix .
- 3: – IntegerInput
On entry: , the number of superdiagonals or subdiagonals of the matrix .
- 4: – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput
the second dimension of the array ab
must be at least
: the Cholesky factor of
, as returned by f07hrf (zpbtrf)
- 5: – IntegerInput
: the first dimension of the array ab
as declared in the (sub)program from which f07huf (zpbcon)
- 6: – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Input
-norm of the original
, which may be computed by calling f06uef
with its argument
must be computed either before
calling f07hrf (zpbtrf)
or else from a copy
of the original matrix
- 7: – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Output
: an estimate of the reciprocal of the condition number of
is set to zero if exact singularity is detected or the estimate underflows. If rcond
is less than machine precision
is singular to working precision.
- 8: – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
- 9: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
- 10: – IntegerOutput
unless the routine detects an error (see Section 6
Error Indicators and Warnings
If , argument had an illegal value. An explanatory message is output, and execution of the program is terminated.
The computed estimate rcond
is never less than the true value
, and in practice is nearly always less than
, although examples can be constructed where rcond
is much larger.
Parallelism and Performance
f07huf (zpbcon) makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction
for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note
for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.
A call to f07huf (zpbcon)
involves solving a number of systems of linear equations of the form
; the number is usually
and never more than
. Each solution involves approximately
real floating-point operations (assuming
) but takes considerably longer than a call to f07hsf (zpbtrs)
with one right-hand side, because extra care is taken to avoid overflow when
is approximately singular.
The real analogue of this routine is f07hgf (dpbcon)
This example estimates the condition number in the
-norm) of the matrix
is Hermitian positive definite, and is treated as a band matrix, which must first be factorized by f07hrf (zpbtrf)
. The true condition number in the
Program Text (f07hufe.f90)
Program Data (f07hufe.d)
Program Results (f07hufe.r)