nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac) (PDF version)
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NAG Library Manual

# NAG Library Function Documentnag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac)

## 1  Purpose

nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac) returns the value of the general elliptic integral of the second kind $F\left(z,{k}^{\prime },a,b\right)$ for a complex argument $z$.

## 2  Specification

 #include #include
 Complex nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (Complex z, double akp, double a, double b, NagError *fail)

## 3  Description

nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac) evaluates an approximation to the general elliptic integral of the second kind $F\left(z,{k}^{\prime },a,b\right)$ given by
 $Fz,k′,a,b=∫0za+bζ2 1+ζ21+ζ21+k′2ζ2 dζ,$
where $a$ and $b$ are real arguments, $z$ is a complex argument whose real part is non-negative and ${k}^{\prime }$ is a real argument (the complementary modulus). The evaluation of $F$ is based on the Gauss transformation. Further details, in particular for the conformal mapping provided by $F$, can be found in Bulirsch (1960).
Special values include
 $F z, k ′ ,1,1 = ∫ 0 z d ζ 1 + ζ 2 1 + k′ 2 ζ 2 ,$
or ${F}_{1}\left(z,{k}^{\prime }\right)$ (the elliptic integral of the first kind) and
 $Fz,k′,1,k′2=∫0z1+k′2ζ2 1+ζ21+ζ2 dζ,$
or ${F}_{2}\left(z,{k}^{\prime }\right)$ (the elliptic integral of the second kind). Note that the values of ${F}_{1}\left(z,{k}^{\prime }\right)$ and ${F}_{2}\left(z,{k}^{\prime }\right)$ are equal to ${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\left(z\right)$ in the trivial case ${k}^{\prime }=1$.
nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac) is derived from an Algol 60 procedure given by Bulirsch (1960). Constraints are placed on the values of $z$ and ${k}^{\prime }$ in order to avoid the possibility of machine overflow.

## 4  References

Bulirsch R (1960) Numerical calculation of elliptic integrals and elliptic functions Numer. Math. 7 76–90

## 5  Arguments

1:     zComplexInput
On entry: the argument $z$ of the function.
Constraints:
• $0.0\le {\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{re}\le \lambda$;
• $\mathrm{abs}\left({\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{im}\right)\le \lambda$, where ${\lambda }^{6}=1/{\mathbf{nag_real_safe_small_number}}$.
2:     akpdoubleInput
On entry: the argument ${k}^{\prime }$ of the function.
Constraint: $\mathrm{abs}\left({\mathbf{akp}}\right)\le \lambda$.
3:     adoubleInput
On entry: the argument $a$ of the function.
4:     bdoubleInput
On entry: the argument $b$ of the function.
5:     failNagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.6 in the Essential Introduction).

## 6  Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_COMPLEX
On entry, $\left|{\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{im}\right|$ is too large: $\left|{\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{im}\right|=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$. It must not exceed $⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{re}<0.0$: ${\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{re}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{re}$ is too large: ${\mathbf{z}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{re}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$. It must not exceed $⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_REAL
On entry, $\left|{\mathbf{akp}}\right|$ is too large: $\left|{\mathbf{akp}}\right|=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$. It must not exceed $⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
NE_S21_CONV
The iterative procedure used to evaluate the integral has failed to converge.

## 7  Accuracy

In principle the function is capable of achieving full relative precision in the computed values. However, the accuracy obtainable in practice depends on the accuracy of the standard elementary functions such as atan2 and log.

Not applicable.

None.

## 10  Example

This example evaluates the elliptic integral of the first kind ${F}_{1}\left(z,{k}^{\prime }\right)$ given by
 $F1z,k′=∫0zdζ 1+ζ21+k′2ζ2 ,$
where $z=1.2+3.7i$ and ${k}^{\prime }=0.5$, and prints the results.

### 10.1  Program Text

Program Text (s21dace.c)

### 10.2  Program Data

Program Data (s21dace.d)

### 10.3  Program Results

Program Results (s21dace.r)

nag_general_elliptic_integral_f (s21dac) (PDF version)
s Chapter Contents
s Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual