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2.13 Automatic Garbage Collection

The -gc option enables use of the runtime garbage collector. It is necessary to use this option during the link phase for it to have effect; specifying it additionally during the compilation phase can result in improved performance.

The supplied Technical Information note (TECHINFO) lists whether garbage collection is available for your system. If it is available, there will be a file ‘gc.o’ in the compiler's library directory.

The collector used is based on version 5.3 of the publicly available general purpose garbage collecting storage allocator of Hans-J Boehm, Alan J Demers and Xerox Corporation, described in “Garbage Collection in an Uncooperative Environment” (H Boehm and M Weiser, Software Practice and Experience, September 1988, pp 807-820).

The copyright notice attached to their latest version is as follows:

Copyright 1988, 1989 Hans-J. Boehm, Alan J. Demers
Copyright (c) 1991-1995 by Xerox Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Copyright 1996-1999 by Silicon Graphics.  All rights reserved.
Copyright 1999 by Hewlett-Packard Company.  All rights reserved.


THIS MATERIAL IS PROVIDED AS IS, WITH ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED.  ANY USE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Permission is hereby granted to use or copy this program
for any purpose,  provided the above notices are retained on all copies.
Permission to modify the code and to distribute modified code is granted,
provided the above notices are retained, and a notice that the code was
modified is included with the above copyright notice.

Note that the “NO WARRANTY” disclaimer refers to the original copyright holders Boehm, Demers, Xerox Corporation, Silicon Graphics and Hewlett-Packard Company. The modified collector distributed in binary form with the NAG Fortran Compiler is subject to the same warranty and conditions as the rest of the NAG Fortran compilation system.

The module F90_GC is provided; it contains functions and variables that can control the behaviour of the garbage collector.