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1.1 Introduction to the Compiler

The NAG Fortran Compiler is based on the NAGWare f90 Compiler which was the world's first Fortran 90 compiler. The design goals of the development were to produce a compiler with the following characteristics:

The compiler is multi-pass; the passes have been kept distinct to improve maintainability and to allow re-use of the components.

Pass 1:
Lexical and syntactic analysis, build symbol table and abstract syntax tree.
Pass 2:
Semantic analysis, annotate parse tree and fill in symbol table; all major error and constraint detection takes place in this pass.
Pass 3:
Code generation by parse tree transformation.
Pass 4:
Code output, generate declarations and flatten transformed parse tree to C source code.
Pass 5:
Compilation using the host operating system's C compiler.
Pass 6:
Linking to executable code using the host system's linker, including linking in the Fortran run-time libraries.

1.1.1 Other Fortran-related Activities at NAG

NAG has released several Fortran-based numerical procedure libraries: the Fortran Library, SMP Library, Parallel Library and the Fortran 90 Library. A number of implementations of these libraries, using the NAG compiler and other compilers, are available.

NAG has supported the development and standardisation of Modern Fortran, participating both in the ISO Working Group and the technical development committee INCITS/J3. The head of the NAG compiler team, Malcolm Cohen, is the current editor of the Fortran standard.

From this it can be seen that NAG is committed to Fortran.

1.1.2 This Manual

This is the documentation for the NAG Fortran Compiler. This is not intended to be a language description or tutorial, but rather a guide to the use of the software and a quick reference for some of the features of the language.

The compiler is a full implementation of the ISO Fortran 95 programming language [IS 1539-1:1997(E)], with most of the features from the previous ISO Fortran 2003 standard [IS 1539-1:2004(E)] and some from the current ISO Fortran 2008 standard [ISO/IEC 1539-1:2010(E)].