nag_asian_geom_price (s30sac) (PDF version)
s Chapter Contents
s Chapter Introduction
NAG C Library Manual

NAG Library Function Document

nag_asian_geom_price (s30sac)

+ Contents

    1  Purpose
    7  Accuracy

1  Purpose

nag_asian_geom_price (s30sac) computes the Asian geometric continuous average-rate option price.

2  Specification

#include <nag.h>
#include <nags.h>
void  nag_asian_geom_price (Nag_OrderType order, Nag_CallPut option, Integer m, Integer n, const double x[], double s, const double t[], double sigma, double r, double b, double p[], NagError *fail)

3  Description

nag_asian_geom_price (s30sac) computes the price of an Asian geometric continuous average-rate option for constant volatility, σ, risk-free rate, r, and cost of carry, b (see Kemna and Vorst (1990)). For a given strike price, X, the price of a call option with underlying price, S, and time to expiry, T, is
Pcall = S e b--r T Φ d- 1 - X e-rT Φ d- 2 ,
and the corresponding put option price is
Pput = X e-rT Φ -d-2 - S e b--r T Φ - d-1 ,
where
d-1 = lnS/X + b- + σ-2 / 2 T σ- T
and
d-2 = d-1 - σ- T ,
with
σ- = σ 3 ,  b- = 1 2 b- σ2 6 .
Φ is the cumulative Normal distribution function,
Φx = 1 2π - x exp -y2/2 dy .

4  References

Kemna A and Vorst A (1990) A pricing method for options based on average asset values Journal of Banking and Finance 14 113–129

5  Arguments

1:     orderNag_OrderTypeInput
On entry: the order argument specifies the two-dimensional storage scheme being used, i.e., row-major ordering or column-major ordering. C language defined storage is specified by order=Nag_RowMajor. See Section 3.2.1.3 in the Essential Introduction for a more detailed explanation of the use of this argument.
Constraint: order=Nag_RowMajor or Nag_ColMajor.
2:     optionNag_CallPutInput
On entry: determines whether the option is a call or a put.
option=Nag_Call
A call. The holder has a right to buy.
option=Nag_Put
A put. The holder has a right to sell.
Constraint: option=Nag_Call or Nag_Put.
3:     mIntegerInput
On entry: the number of strike prices to be used.
Constraint: m1.
4:     nIntegerInput
On entry: the number of times to expiry to be used.
Constraint: n1.
5:     x[m]const doubleInput
On entry: x[i-1] must contain Xi, the ith strike price, for i=1,2,,m.
Constraint: x[i-1]z ​ and ​ x[i-1] 1 / z , where z = nag_real_safe_small_number , the safe range parameter, for i=1,2,,m.
6:     sdoubleInput
On entry: S, the price of the underlying asset.
Constraint: sz ​ and ​s1.0/z, where z=nag_real_safe_small_number, the safe range parameter.
7:     t[n]const doubleInput
On entry: t[i-1] must contain Ti, the ith time, in years, to expiry, for i=1,2,,n.
Constraint: t[i-1]z, where z = nag_real_safe_small_number , the safe range parameter, for i=1,2,,n.
8:     sigmadoubleInput
On entry: σ, the volatility of the underlying asset. Note that a rate of 15% should be entered as 0.15.
Constraint: sigma>0.0.
9:     rdoubleInput
On entry: r, the annual risk-free interest rate, continuously compounded. Note that a rate of 5% should be entered as 0.05.
Constraint: r0.0.
10:   bdoubleInput
On entry: b, the annual cost of carry rate. Note that a rate of 8% should be entered as 0.08.
11:   p[m×n]doubleOutput
Note: the i,jth element of the matrix P is stored in
  • p[j-1×m+i-1] when order=Nag_ColMajor;
  • p[i-1×n+j-1] when order=Nag_RowMajor.
On exit: the m×n array p contains the computed option prices.
12:   failNagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.6 in the Essential Introduction).

6  Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_ALLOC_FAIL
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
NE_BAD_PARAM
On entry, argument value had an illegal value.
NE_INT
On entry, m=value.
Constraint: m1.
On entry, n=value.
Constraint: n1.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_REAL
On entry, r=value.
Constraint: r0.0.
On entry, s=value.
Constraint: svalue and svalue.
On entry, sigma=value.
Constraint: sigma>0.0.
NE_REAL_ARRAY
On entry, t[value]=value.
Constraint: t[i]value.
On entry, x[value]=value.
Constraint: x[i]value and x[i]value.

7  Accuracy

The accuracy of the output is dependent on the accuracy of the cumulative Normal distribution function, Φ. This is evaluated using a rational Chebyshev expansion, chosen so that the maximum relative error in the expansion is of the order of the machine precision (see nag_cumul_normal (s15abc) and nag_erfc (s15adc)). An accuracy close to machine precision can generally be expected.

8  Further Comments

None.

9  Example

This example computes the price of an Asian geometric continuous average-rate put with a time to expiry of 3 months, a stock price of 80 and a strike price of 85. The risk-free interest rate is 5% per year, the cost of carry is 8% and the volatility is 20% per year.

9.1  Program Text

Program Text (s30sace.c)

9.2  Program Data

Program Data (s30sace.d)

9.3  Program Results

Program Results (s30sace.r)


nag_asian_geom_price (s30sac) (PDF version)
s Chapter Contents
s Chapter Introduction
NAG C Library Manual

© The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd, Oxford, UK. 2012