g05 Chapter Contents
g05 Chapter Introduction
NAG C Library Manual

# NAG Library Function Documentnag_rand_weibull (g05ssc)

## 1  Purpose

nag_rand_weibull (g05ssc) generates a vector of pseudorandom numbers from a two parameter Weibull distribution with shape parameter $a$ and scale parameter $b$.

## 2  Specification

 #include #include
 void nag_rand_weibull (Integer n, double a, double b, Integer state[], double x[], NagError *fail)

## 3  Description

The distribution has PDF (probability density function)
 $fx = ab x a-1 e- xa / b if ​x>0, fx=0 otherwise.$
nag_rand_weibull (g05ssc) returns the value ${\left(-b\mathrm{ln}y\right)}^{1/a}$, where $y$ is a pseudorandom number from a uniform distribution over $\left(0,1\right]$.
One of the initialization functions nag_rand_init_repeatable (g05kfc) (for a repeatable sequence if computed sequentially) or nag_rand_init_nonrepeatable (g05kgc) (for a non-repeatable sequence) must be called prior to the first call to nag_rand_weibull (g05ssc).

## 4  References

Kendall M G and Stuart A (1969) The Advanced Theory of Statistics (Volume 1) (3rd Edition) Griffin
Knuth D E (1981) The Art of Computer Programming (Volume 2) (2nd Edition) Addison–Wesley

## 5  Arguments

1:     nIntegerInput
On entry: $n$, the number of pseudorandom numbers to be generated.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
On entry: $a$, the shape parameter of the distribution.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{a}}>0.0$.
3:     bdoubleInput
On entry: $b$, the scale parameter of the distribution.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{b}}>0.0$.
4:     state[$\mathit{dim}$]IntegerCommunication Array
Note: the actual argument supplied must be the array state supplied to the initialization functions nag_rand_init_repeatable (g05kfc) or nag_rand_init_nonrepeatable (g05kgc).
On entry: contains information on the selected base generator and its current state.
On exit: contains updated information on the state of the generator.
5:     x[n]doubleOutput
On exit: the $n$ pseudorandom numbers from the specified Weibull distribution.
6:     failNagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.6 in the Essential Introduction).

## 6  Error Indicators and Warnings

On entry, argument $〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$ had an illegal value.
NE_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_INVALID_STATE
On entry, state vector has been corrupted or not initialized.
NE_REAL
On entry, ${\mathbf{a}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{a}}>0.0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{b}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{b}}>0.0$.

Not applicable.

None.

## 9  Example

This example prints the first five pseudorandom numbers from a Weibull distribution with shape parameter $1.0$ and scale parameter $2.0$, generated by a single call to nag_rand_weibull (g05ssc), after initialization by nag_rand_init_repeatable (g05kfc).

### 9.1  Program Text

Program Text (g05ssce.c)

None.

### 9.3  Program Results

Program Results (g05ssce.r)