nag_dpptrf (f07gdc) (PDF version)
f07 Chapter Contents
f07 Chapter Introduction
NAG C Library Manual

NAG Library Function Document

nag_dpptrf (f07gdc)

+ Contents

    1  Purpose
    7  Accuracy

1  Purpose

nag_dpptrf (f07gdc) computes the Cholesky factorization of a real symmetric positive definite matrix, using packed storage.

2  Specification

#include <nag.h>
#include <nagf07.h>
void  nag_dpptrf (Nag_OrderType order, Nag_UploType uplo, Integer n, double ap[], NagError *fail)

3  Description

nag_dpptrf (f07gdc) forms the Cholesky factorization of a real symmetric positive definite matrix A either as A=UTU if uplo=Nag_Upper or A=LLT if uplo=Nag_Lower, where U is an upper triangular matrix and L is lower triangular, using packed storage.

4  References

Demmel J W (1989) On floating-point errors in Cholesky LAPACK Working Note No. 14 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore

5  Arguments

1:     orderNag_OrderTypeInput
On entry: the order argument specifies the two-dimensional storage scheme being used, i.e., row-major ordering or column-major ordering. C language defined storage is specified by order=Nag_RowMajor. See Section 3.2.1.3 in the Essential Introduction for a more detailed explanation of the use of this argument.
Constraint: order=Nag_RowMajor or Nag_ColMajor.
2:     uploNag_UploTypeInput
On entry: specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of A is stored and how A is to be factorized.
uplo=Nag_Upper
The upper triangular part of A is stored and A is factorized as UTU, where U is upper triangular.
uplo=Nag_Lower
The lower triangular part of A is stored and A is factorized as LLT, where L is lower triangular.
Constraint: uplo=Nag_Upper or Nag_Lower.
3:     nIntegerInput
On entry: n, the order of the matrix A.
Constraint: n0.
4:     ap[dim]doubleInput/Output
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array ap must be at least max1,n×n+1/2.
On entry: the n by n symmetric matrix A, packed by rows or columns.
The storage of elements Aij depends on the order and uplo arguments as follows:
  • if order=Nag_ColMajor and uplo=Nag_Upper,
              Aij is stored in ap[j-1×j/2+i-1], for ij;
  • if order=Nag_ColMajor and uplo=Nag_Lower,
              Aij is stored in ap[2n-j×j-1/2+i-1], for ij;
  • if order=Nag_RowMajor and uplo=Nag_Upper,
              Aij is stored in ap[2n-i×i-1/2+j-1], for ij;
  • if order=Nag_RowMajor and uplo=Nag_Lower,
              Aij is stored in ap[i-1×i/2+j-1], for ij.
On exit: if fail.code= NE_NOERROR, the factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A=UTU or A=LLH, in the same storage format as A.
5:     failNagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.6 in the Essential Introduction).

6  Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_BAD_PARAM
On entry, argument value had an illegal value.
NE_INT
On entry, n=value.
Constraint: n0.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_POS_DEF
The leading minor of order value is not positive definite and the factorization could not be completed. Hence A itself is not positive definite. This may indicate an error in forming the matrix A. To factorize a matrix which is not positive definite, call nag_dsptrf (f07pdc) instead.

7  Accuracy

If uplo=Nag_Upper, the computed factor U is the exact factor of a perturbed matrix A+E, where
EcnεUTU ,
cn is a modest linear function of n, and ε is the machine precision.
If uplo=Nag_Lower, a similar statement holds for the computed factor L. It follows that eijcnεaiiajj.

8  Further Comments

The total number of floating point operations is approximately 13n3.
A call to nag_dpptrf (f07gdc) may be followed by calls to the functions:
The complex analogue of this function is nag_zpptrf (f07grc).

9  Example

This example computes the Cholesky factorization of the matrix A, where
A= 4.16 -3.12 0.56 -0.10 -3.12 5.03 -0.83 1.18 0.56 -0.83 0.76 0.34 -0.10 1.18 0.34 1.18 ,
using packed storage.

9.1  Program Text

Program Text (f07gdce.c)

9.2  Program Data

Program Data (f07gdce.d)

9.3  Program Results

Program Results (f07gdce.r)


nag_dpptrf (f07gdc) (PDF version)
f07 Chapter Contents
f07 Chapter Introduction
NAG C Library Manual

© The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd, Oxford, UK. 2012