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NAG Toolbox: nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector (s18cq)

Purpose

nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector (s18cq) returns an array of values of the scaled modified Bessel function exK0(x)exK0(x).

Syntax

[f, ivalid, ifail] = s18cq(x, 'n', n)
[f, ivalid, ifail] = nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector(x, 'n', n)

Description

nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector (s18cq) evaluates an approximation to exiK0(xi)exiK0(xi), where K0K0 is a modified Bessel function of the second kind for an array of arguments xixi, for i = 1,2,,ni=1,2,,n. The scaling factor exex removes most of the variation in K0(x)K0(x).
The function uses the same Chebyshev expansions as nag_specfun_bessel_k0_real_vector (s18aq), which returns an array of the unscaled values of K0(x)K0(x).

References

Abramowitz M and Stegun I A (1972) Handbook of Mathematical Functions (3rd Edition) Dover Publications

Parameters

Compulsory Input Parameters

1:     x(n) – double array
n, the dimension of the array, must satisfy the constraint n0n0.
The argument xixi of the function, for i = 1,2,,ni=1,2,,n.
Constraint: x(i) > 0.0xi>0.0, for i = 1,2,,ni=1,2,,n.

Optional Input Parameters

1:     n – int64int32nag_int scalar
Default: The dimension of the array x.
nn, the number of points.
Constraint: n0n0.

Input Parameters Omitted from the MATLAB Interface

None.

Output Parameters

1:     f(n) – double array
exiK0(xi)exiK0(xi), the function values.
2:     ivalid(n) – int64int32nag_int array
ivalid(i)ivalidi contains the error code for xixi, for i = 1,2,,ni=1,2,,n.
ivalid(i) = 0ivalidi=0
No error.
ivalid(i) = 1ivalidi=1
On entry,xi0.0xi0.0, K0(xi)K0(xi) is undefined. f(i)fi contains 0.00.0.
3:     ifail – int64int32nag_int scalar
ifail = 0ifail=0 unless the function detects an error (see [Error Indicators and Warnings]).

Error Indicators and Warnings

Errors or warnings detected by the function:

Cases prefixed with W are classified as warnings and do not generate an error of type NAG:error_n. See nag_issue_warnings.

W ifail = 1ifail=1
On entry, at least one value of x was invalid.
Check ivalid for more information.
  ifail = 2ifail=2
Constraint: n0n0.

Accuracy

Relative errors in the argument are attenuated when propagated into the function value. When the accuracy of the argument is essentially limited by the machine precision, the accuracy of the function value will be similarly limited by at most a small multiple of the machine precision.

Further Comments

None.

Example

function nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector_example
x = [0.4; 0.6; 1.4; 2.5; 10; 1000];
[f, ivalid, ifail] = nag_specfun_bessel_k0_scaled_vector(x);
fprintf('\n    X           Y\n');
for i=1:numel(x)
  fprintf('%12.3e%12.3e%5d\n', x(i), f(i), ivalid(i));
end
 

    X           Y
   4.000e-01   1.663e+00    0
   6.000e-01   1.417e+00    0
   1.400e+00   9.881e-01    0
   2.500e+00   7.595e-01    0
   1.000e+01   3.916e-01    0
   1.000e+03   3.963e-02    0

function s18cq_example
x = [0.4; 0.6; 1.4; 2.5; 10; 1000];
[f, ivalid, ifail] = s18cq(x);
fprintf('\n    X           Y\n');
for i=1:numel(x)
  fprintf('%12.3e%12.3e%5d\n', x(i), f(i), ivalid(i));
end
 

    X           Y
   4.000e-01   1.663e+00    0
   6.000e-01   1.417e+00    0
   1.400e+00   9.881e-01    0
   2.500e+00   7.595e-01    0
   1.000e+01   3.916e-01    0
   1.000e+03   3.963e-02    0


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Chapter Introduction
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