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NAG Toolbox: nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref (f04ae)

Purpose

nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref (f04ae) calculates the accurate solution of a set of real linear equations with multiple right-hand sides using an LULU factorization with partial pivoting, and iterative refinement.

Syntax

[c, aa, bb, ifail] = f04ae(a, b, 'n', n, 'm', m)
[c, aa, bb, ifail] = nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref(a, b, 'n', n, 'm', m)

Description

Given a set of real linear equations AX = BAX=B, the function first computes an LULU factorization of AA with partial pivoting, PA = LUPA=LU, where PP is a permutation matrix, LL is lower triangular and UU is unit upper triangular. An approximation to XX is found by forward and backward substitution. The residual matrix R = BAXR=B-AX is then calculated using additional precision, and a correction DD to XX is found by solving LUD = PRLUD=PR. XX is replaced by X + DX+D and this iterative refinement of the solution is repeated until full machine accuracy has been obtained.

References

Wilkinson J H and Reinsch C (1971) Handbook for Automatic Computation II, Linear Algebra Springer–Verlag

Parameters

Compulsory Input Parameters

1:     a(lda, : :) – double array
The first dimension of the array a must be at least max (1,n)max(1,n)
The second dimension of the array must be at least max (1,n)max(1,n)
The nn by nn matrix AA.
2:     b(ldb, : :) – double array
The first dimension of the array b must be at least max (1,n)max(1,n)
The second dimension of the array must be at least max (1,m)max(1,m)
The nn by mm right-hand side matrix BB.

Optional Input Parameters

1:     n – int64int32nag_int scalar
Default: The first dimension of the arrays a, b The second dimension of the array a.
nn, the order of the matrix AA.
Constraint: n0n0.
2:     m – int64int32nag_int scalar
Default: The second dimension of the array b.
mm, the number of right-hand sides.
Constraint: m0m0.

Input Parameters Omitted from the MATLAB Interface

lda ldb ldc wkspce ldaa ldbb

Output Parameters

1:     c(ldc, : :) – double array
The first dimension of the array c will be max (1,n)max(1,n)
The second dimension of the array will be max (1,m)max(1,m)
ldcmax (1,n)ldcmax(1,n).
The nn by mm solution matrix XX.
2:     aa(ldaa, : :) – double array
The first dimension of the array aa will be max (1,n)max(1,n)
The second dimension of the array will be max (1,n)max(1,n)
ldaamax (1,n)ldaamax(1,n).
The triangular factors LL and UU, except that the unit diagonal elements of UU are not stored.
3:     bb(ldbb, : :) – double array
The first dimension of the array bb will be max (1,n)max(1,n)
The second dimension of the array will be max (1,m)max(1,m)
ldbbmax (1,n)ldbbmax(1,n).
The final nn by mm residual matrix R = BAXR=B-AX.
4:     ifail – int64int32nag_int scalar
ifail = 0ifail=0 unless the function detects an error (see [Error Indicators and Warnings]).

Error Indicators and Warnings

Errors or warnings detected by the function:
  ifail = 1ifail=1
The matrix AA is singular, possibly due to rounding errors.
  ifail = 2ifail=2
Iterative refinement fails to improve the solution, i.e., the matrix AA is too ill-conditioned.
  ifail = 3ifail=3
On entry,n < 0n<0,
orm < 0m<0,
orlda < max (1,n)lda<max(1,n),
orldb < max (1,n)ldb<max(1,n),
orldc < max (1,n)ldc<max(1,n),
orldaa < max (1,n)ldaa<max(1,n),
orldbb < max (1,n)ldbb<max(1,n).

Accuracy

The computed solutions should be correct to full machine accuracy. For a detailed error analysis see page 107 of Wilkinson and Reinsch (1971).

Further Comments

The time taken by nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref (f04ae) is approximately proportional to n3n3.
If there is only one right-hand side, it is simpler to use nag_linsys_real_square_solve_1rhs (f04at).

Example

function nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref_example
a = [33, 16, 72;
     -24, -10, -57;
     -8, -4, -17];
b = [-359;
     281;
     85];
[c, aa, bb, ifail] = nag_linsys_real_square_solve_ref(a, b)
 

c =

     1
    -2
    -5


aa =

   -8.0000    0.5000    2.1250
  -24.0000    2.0000   -3.0000
   33.0000   -0.5000    0.3750


bb =

     0
     0
     0


ifail =

                    0


function f04ae_example
a = [33, 16, 72;
     -24, -10, -57;
     -8, -4, -17];
b = [-359;
     281;
     85];
[c, aa, bb, ifail] = f04ae(a, b)
 

c =

     1
    -2
    -5


aa =

   -8.0000    0.5000    2.1250
  -24.0000    2.0000   -3.0000
   33.0000   -0.5000    0.3750


bb =

     0
     0
     0


ifail =

                    0



PDF version (NAG web site, 64-bit version, 64-bit version)
Chapter Contents
Chapter Introduction
NAG Toolbox

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