F08HCF (DSBEVD) (PDF version)
F08 Chapter Contents
F08 Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

NAG Library Routine Document

F08HCF (DSBEVD)

Note:  before using this routine, please read the Users' Note for your implementation to check the interpretation of bold italicised terms and other implementation-dependent details.
Warning. The specification of the parameters LWORK and LIWORK changed at Mark 20 in the case where JOB='V' and N>1: the minimum dimension of the array WORK has been reduced whereas the minimum dimension of the array IWORK has been increased.

+ Contents

    1  Purpose
    7  Accuracy

1  Purpose

F08HCF (DSBEVD) computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, all the eigenvectors of a real symmetric band matrix. If the eigenvectors are requested, then it uses a divide-and-conquer algorithm to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. However, if only eigenvalues are required, then it uses the Pal–Walker–Kahan variant of the QL or QR algorithm.

2  Specification

SUBROUTINE F08HCF ( JOB, UPLO, N, KD, AB, LDAB, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, LIWORK, INFO)
INTEGER  N, KD, LDAB, LDZ, LWORK, IWORK(max(1,LIWORK)), LIWORK, INFO
REAL (KIND=nag_wp)  AB(LDAB,*), W(*), Z(LDZ,*), WORK(max(1,LWORK))
CHARACTER(1)  JOB, UPLO
The routine may be called by its LAPACK name dsbevd.

3  Description

F08HCF (DSBEVD) computes all the eigenvalues and, optionally, all the eigenvectors of a real symmetric band matrix A. In other words, it can compute the spectral factorization of A as
A=ZΛZT,
where Λ is a diagonal matrix whose diagonal elements are the eigenvalues λi, and Z is the orthogonal matrix whose columns are the eigenvectors zi. Thus
Azi=λizi,  i=1,2,,n.

4  References

Anderson E, Bai Z, Bischof C, Blackford S, Demmel J, Dongarra J J, Du Croz J J, Greenbaum A, Hammarling S, McKenney A and Sorensen D (1999) LAPACK Users' Guide (3rd Edition) SIAM, Philadelphia http://www.netlib.org/lapack/lug
Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore

5  Parameters

1:     JOB – CHARACTER(1)Input
On entry: indicates whether eigenvectors are computed.
JOB='N'
Only eigenvalues are computed.
JOB='V'
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors are computed.
Constraint: JOB='N' or 'V'.
2:     UPLO – CHARACTER(1)Input
On entry: indicates whether the upper or lower triangular part of A is stored.
UPLO='U'
The upper triangular part of A is stored.
UPLO='L'
The lower triangular part of A is stored.
Constraint: UPLO='U' or 'L'.
3:     N – INTEGERInput
On entry: n, the order of the matrix A.
Constraint: N0.
4:     KD – INTEGERInput
5:     AB(LDAB,*) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput/Output
Note: the second dimension of the array AB must be at least max1,N.
On entry: the upper or lower triangle of the n by n symmetric band matrix A.
The matrix is stored in rows 1 to kd+1, more precisely,
  • if UPLO='U', the elements of the upper triangle of A within the band must be stored with element Aij in ABkd+1+i-jj​ for ​max1,j-kdij;
  • if UPLO='L', the elements of the lower triangle of A within the band must be stored with element Aij in AB1+i-jj​ for ​jiminn,j+kd.
On exit: AB is overwritten by values generated during the reduction to tridiagonal form.
The first superdiagonal and the diagonal of the tridiagonal matrix T are returned in AB using the same storage format as described above.
6:     LDAB – INTEGERInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array AB as declared in the (sub)program from which F08HCF (DSBEVD) is called.
Constraint: LDABKD+1.
7:     W(*) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayOutput
Note: the dimension of the array W must be at least max1,N.
On exit: the eigenvalues of the matrix A in ascending order.
8:     Z(LDZ,*) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayOutput
Note: the second dimension of the array Z must be at least max1,N if JOB='V' and at least 1 if JOB='N'.
On exit: if JOB='V', Z is overwritten by the orthogonal matrix Z which contains the eigenvectors of A. The ith column of Z contains the eigenvector which corresponds to the eigenvalue Wi.
If JOB='N', Z is not referenced.
9:     LDZ – INTEGERInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array Z as declared in the (sub)program from which F08HCF (DSBEVD) is called.
Constraints:
  • if JOB='V', LDZmax1,N;
  • if JOB='N', LDZ1.
10:   WORK(max1,LWORK) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
11:   LWORK – INTEGERInput
On entry: the dimension of the array WORK as declared in the (sub)program from which F08HCF (DSBEVD) is called.
If LWORK=-1, a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum dimension of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued.
Constraints:
  • if N1, LWORK1 or LWORK=-1;
  • if JOB='N' and N>1, LWORK2×N or LWORK=-1;
  • if JOB='V' and N>1, LWORK2×N2+5×N+1 or LWORK=-1.
12:   IWORK(max1,LIWORK) – INTEGER arrayWorkspace
13:   LIWORK – INTEGERInput
On entry: the dimension of the array IWORK as declared in the (sub)program from which F08HCF (DSBEVD) is called.
If LIWORK=-1, a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum dimension of the IWORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the IWORK array, and no error message related to LIWORK is issued.
Constraints:
  • if JOB='N' or N1, LIWORK1 or LIWORK=-1;
  • if JOB='V' and N>1, LIWORK5×N+3 or LIWORK=-1.
14:   INFO – INTEGEROutput

6  Error Indicators and Warnings

Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
INFO<0
If INFO=-i, argument i had an illegal value. An explanatory message is output, and execution of the program is terminated.
INFO>0
if INFO=i and JOB='N', the algorithm failed to converge; i elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero; if INFO=i and JOB='V', then the algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and column i/N+1 through modi,N+1.

7  Accuracy

The computed eigenvalues and eigenvectors are exact for a nearby matrix A+E, where
E2 = Oε A2 ,
and ε is the machine precision. See Section 4.7 of
Anderson et al. (1999) for further details.

8  Further Comments

The complex analogue of this routine is F08HQF (ZHBEVD).

9  Example

This example computes all the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the symmetric band matrix A, where
A = 1 2 3 0 0 2 2 3 4 0 3 3 3 4 5 0 4 4 4 5 0 0 5 5 5 .

9.1  Program Text

Program Text (f08hcfe.f90)

9.2  Program Data

Program Data (f08hcfe.d)

9.3  Program Results

Program Results (f08hcfe.r)


F08HCF (DSBEVD) (PDF version)
F08 Chapter Contents
F08 Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

© The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd, Oxford, UK. 2011