NAG Library Function Document
nag_fft_multiple_sine (c06hac) computes the discrete Fourier sine transforms of sequences of real data values.
||nag_fft_multiple_sine (Integer m,
const double trig,
real data values
, this function simultaneously calculates the Fourier sine transforms of all the sequences defined by
(Note the scale factor
in this definition.)
The Fourier sine transform defined above is its own inverse, and two consecutive calls of this function with the same data will restore the original data (but see Section 9
The transform calculated by this function can be used to solve Poisson's equation when the solution is specified at both left and right boundaries (Swarztrauber (1977)
The function uses a variant of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm (Brigham (1974)
) known as the Stockham self-sorting algorithm, described in Temperton (1983)
, together with pre- and post-processing stages described in Swarztrauber (1982)
. Special coding is provided for the factors 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Brigham E O (1974) The Fast Fourier Transform Prentice–Hall
Swarztrauber P N (1977) The methods of cyclic reduction, Fourier analysis and the FACR algorithm for the discrete solution of Poisson's equation on a rectangle SIAM Rev. 19(3) 490–501
Swarztrauber P N (1982) Vectorizing the FFT's Parallel Computation (ed G Rodrique) 51–83 Academic Press
Temperton C (1983) Fast mixed-radix real Fourier transforms J. Comput. Phys. 52 340–350
m – IntegerInput
On entry: the number of sequences to be transformed, .
n – IntegerInput
On entry: one more than the number of real values in each sequence, i.e., the number of values in each sequence is .
x – doubleInput/Output
data sequences stored in x
consecutively. If the
data values of the
th sequence to be transformed are denoted by
, then the first
elements of the array x
must contain the values
On exit: the Fourier sine transforms stored consecutively, overwriting the corresponding original sequence.
trig – const doubleInput
: trigonometric coefficients as returned by a call of nag_fft_init_trig (c06gzc)
. nag_fft_multiple_sine (c06hac) makes a simple check to ensure that trig
has been initialized and that the initialization is compatible with the value of n
fail – NagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.6
in the Essential Introduction).
6 Error Indicators and Warnings
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
Value of n
array are incompatible or trig
array not initialized.
On entry, .
On entry, .
Some indication of accuracy can be obtained by performing a subsequent inverse transform and comparing the results with the original sequence (in exact arithmetic they would be identical).
8 Parallelism and Performance
The time taken is approximately proportional to , but also depends on the factors of . The function is fastest if the only prime factors of are 2, 3 and 5, and is particularly slow if is a large prime, or has large prime factors.
This program reads in sequences of real data values and prints their Fourier sine transforms (as computed by nag_fft_multiple_sine (c06hac)). It then calls nag_fft_multiple_sine (c06hac) again and prints the results which may be compared with the original sequence.
10.1 Program Text
Program Text (c06hace.c)
10.2 Program Data
Program Data (c06hace.d)
10.3 Program Results
Program Results (c06hace.r)